Manic depression, commonly referred to as bipolar disorder, is a cyclic mood disorder in which people experience periods of elevation followed by an extreme period of depression. There are two forms of the illness: Bipolar 1 and Bipolar 2. Those with Bipolar 1 experience frequent manic episodes, or cycle between mania and depression on a daily basis. Bipolar 2 is characterized by recurrent periods of depression, followed by a state of hypomania – a mild form of mania that is noticeable but does not cause much interruption. In addition, Cyclothymic Disorder is the chronic cycling between hypomania and depression, but does not meet criteria for classification as bipolar disorder, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. There is no cure for manic depression, but there are multiple options for treatment that allow for successful management of the disorder.
Manic Depression Treatments
Medication for Manic Depression: Mood stabilizers are a common method used to control symptoms of manic depression. The most widely used medication is Lithium; it is the longest-used mood stabilizer for managing illness-related symptoms. In addition to Lithium, anticonvulsants like Depakote (originally designed for controlling seizures) are occasionally used, as they have been shown to aid with steadying mood. As well, antidepressants – a common one being Prozac – are frequently used to treat the depressive portion of manic depression. Under certain circumstances, an antipsychotic such as Zyprexa may be administered in order to mitigate severe mania or psychosis. While medications are useful, they are not without their drawbacks. Each category of drugs has specific side effects that may interfere with an individual’s well being.
dTMS for Manic Depression– Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, or dTMS, is a brand new medical treatment for manic depression. FDA-approved since 2008, this non-invasive brain stimulation therapy is a great alternative to those that have not been able to get help with medication, or want to avoid medication. This highly effective and safe depression treatment places a helmet with coils on the regions of the brain that are responsible for causing depression. Through painless therapy, many individuals with manic depression have found relief, after the necessary amount of sessions.
Psychotherapy for Manic Depression: Another method frequently used in the management of manic depression is psychotherapy, which is a manic depression treatment using psychological tactics, rather than pharmacological ones. There are multiple types of psychotherapy, and the type chosen is dependent on a person’s individual needs.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) allows patients with manic depression to actively address their harmful thoughts and behaviors. By identifying these, a person can learn to alter them in a beneficial way, or eliminate them all together. This also helps the individual to understand more about their illness and the measures necessary to control it, in order to lead a healthy life.
Another form of therapy is family therapy, which may be useful for manic depressive individuals. This type of therapy allows members close to the affected individual to work toward a better understanding of the disease and recognition of symptoms. Through this, positive coping strategies can be acquired and better inter-family communication can be established, states the National Institute of Mental Health.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) for Manic Depression: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), previously known as electric shock therapy, is used in cases where individuals have no significant response to drug therapy or psychotherapy. Electrodes are placed on either side of the patient’s head while a series of electric currents are administered. Individuals are anesthetized and are not conscious for the procedure. This technique is utilized in severe cases, typically only after less invasive methods have been tested. ECT may cause temporary side effects such as confusion and loss of memory (National Institute of Mental Health).
For more information about dTMS services for depression treatment in Los Angeles, contact Westside Neurotherapeutics by phone at 310.946.0008 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.