Before the rise of the science-based society that exists today, there were many misconceptions about medical conditions and what caused them. A good example of such misinformation can be found in the history surrounding mental illness. Such conditions were thought to be spiritual or physical in nature, as the action of the brain was not fully comprehended at that time. As such, treatments were usually not adequate, as they were not directed at helping manage the true cause of the illness. Today, we have technologies like transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to help people who are dealing with such issues. TMS is useful for more than just mental illness management, and details of what transcranial magnetic stimulation is and who it can help will be outlined in this article.
What is TMS Los Angeles?
Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a procedure that harnesses the power of magnetic fields to stimulate certain areas of the brain. TMS therapy uses a coil that is placed on the patient’s scalp to deliver electromagnetic pulses to the brain. Researchers believe that certain conditions, such as depression, are caused by an imbalance of brain cell activity. The purpose of TMS is to stabilize this activity, with the end goal of reducing symptoms of the condition in question. According to those at John Hopkins, a typical session of TMS lasts 40 minutes, and must be repeated daily for five days. An entire course of TMS is complete after four to six weeks, on average. When multiple electromagnetic pulses are delivered to the brain in rapid succession, the treatment is referred to as rapid transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Transcranial magnetic stimulation is regarded as relatively safe. It is an outpatient procedure requiring no surgery, anesthesia or recovery time.
There are two types of TMS machines, stationary and portable. The former requires that patients visit a medical facility for treatment, whereas the latter is a device that people can take with them. The portable device is used primarily by migraine sufferers. The two devices have the same action, but differ in construction.
Components of a stationary TMS therapy machine:
- The Link – Regulates coils and ensures the system functions properly
- Electromyogram equipment – Helps calibrate correct TMS dosage
- Stimulation coil – Delivers electromagnetic pulses
- Coil Positioning System – Ensures coils are placed correctly on the scalp
- The Database – Stores patient information
Components of the portable TMS therapy machine:
- Power supply unit – Provides power to the device
- Energy supply storage – Ensures device stays charged
- Charge recovery unit – Recycles coil energy and transports it back to energy supply storage
- Control unit – Controls the device
- Stimulation coil – Emits electromagnetic pulse
After the question “what is TMS” has been answered, the next obvious inquiry is what it is useful for. Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been used for the treatment of a handful of disorders, most notably treatment-resistant depression and migraines. PsychCentral states that, when assessed 27 weeks after the study, only 10 people out of 99 who received six weeks of TMS therapy for treatment-resistant depression relapsed. As well, a study observing the efficacy of TMS as a migraine treatment found that, of the 190 people who had frequent migraines who used the portable TMS device, 62% reported pain relief, says The Journal of Headache and Pain. Three months after the study was complete, there was an average reported decline from 24 to 16 migraines per month.
Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
The most recent update to TMS technology is known as deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (deep TMS). As the name suggests, it is a type of TMS that uses the same general principles of brain stimulation that the original design is based on. However, the coils for deep TMS Los Angeles equipment have been reconstructed in a way that allows them to produce deeper-reaching electromagnetic waves. As such, pulses are able to penetrate centers of the brain at greater depths than those emitted by TMS coils. A typical session of dTMS takes half the time required for regular TMS, with 20 minutes being standard. An entire course of treatment takes the same length of time for both.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a procedure in which electromagnetic currents are administered to the brain via insulated coil. Unlike other brain-manipulation therapies, such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), TMS does not require the use of anesthesia and there is no hospitalization involved. It has been tested as a therapy for treatment-resistant depression, migraine headaches, and a few other conditions. For those who may be interested in undergoing TMS therapy, a doctor should be consulted for further information.
Westside Neurotherapeutics offers dTMS treatments Los Angeles for depression and smoking cessation. For more information, contact them by phone at 310.946.0008 or visit us online at www.westsideneurotherapeutics.com.