Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is the grey area between the normal decline associated with old age and clinical dementia. Many signs of this ailment can be thought to be related to normal aging, but they are distinguished by their intensity and duration. The symptoms of mild cognitive impairment are incredibly vast, but are most frequently associated with memory, judgment, personality changes and verbalization. Scientists often group symptoms by whether they are amnestic or non-amnestic. According to the New York Times, amnestic effects, associated with problems of memory, are more commonly associated with MCI, and foreshadow the development of Alzheimer’s Disease. The less common, non-amnestic traits, are related to verbalization and judgment, and are more likely to evolve into one of the other forms of dementia.
Amnestic Symptoms of MCI
Memory loss is a frequently cited symptom of mild cognitive impairment. Although forgetfulness is a part of the normal aging process, this impairment is noticeably worse than to be expected for the individual based on the age. Memory loss can come in the form of slower cognition, decreased attention and impaired problem solving. This deficiency can be dangerous for the older individuals living alone, as it could cause them to forget to turn off the oven or lock their doors, for example. Help Guide states that memory loss may not be obvious to the impaired person, and that this symptom is more likely to be reported by a loved one.
Non-Amnestic Symptoms of MCI
Poor judgment is a common non-amnestic symptom of mild cognitive impairment. Simple decisions may become overwhelming for the afflicted person, making day-to-day life difficult. Impaired individuals are likely to have tremendous difficulty with organization and planning. Problems of verbalization are also potent indicators of MCI. The victims may struggle to recall names of loved ones or to find words that they are familiar with. These changes can make the concept of socialization daunting, making it harder to leave the house.
Secondary Symptoms of MCI
Mild cognitive impairment is often associated with the presence of other mental disorders, due to the many hardships that come with living with this condition. It is important to address the mental effects of mild cognitive impairment, in addition to the cognitive symptoms. Frequently, those suffering from MCI struggle with issues of depression and/or anxiety, reporting feelings of apathy and a sense of loss.
Causes of MCI
The causes of mild cognitive impairment are thought to be the same as those associated with Alzheimer’s and other forms of advanced dementia. Clumps of protein that group together in the brain, known as plaque, are frequently indicated as contributing to the development of this disorder. There is also strong evidence to indicate that MCI may be caused by shrinkage of the Hippocampus, which plays a large role in memory.
A new option for mild cognitive impairment treatment is Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (dTMS). dTMS uses short electric currents to stimulate certain areas of the brain. Psychiatric Times reported that this therapy has become a popular treatment with favorable outcomes for patients with MCI. dTMS as a treatment for this impairment is most frequently used to address issues of language, as it is believed to correct these problems by ‘resetting’ the nerve endings present in the targeted brain region.
Being affected by cognitive impairment of any severity is difficult, whether you are experiencing normal aging or suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. Mild cognitive impairment is often thought of as a precursor to Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia, so it is important to understand the symptoms of this condition. If symptoms of MCI are present, Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation may be an effective form of treatment.
For more information about dTMS services for depression treatment in Los Angeles, contact Westside Neurotherapeutics by phone at 310.946.0008 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.